AGRAMUNT


AGRAMUNT
AGRAMUNT, town in northeast Spain, belonging to the former county of Urgel. Jews living in Agramunt in the 13th century were liable to the same fiscal duties as the Christian townspeople but were also obliged to pay taxes to the count of Urgel and the king of Aragon. In 1272 solomon b. abraham adret was appointed arbitrator of a disagreement between the Agramunt and Lérida communities. The infant Alfonso received permission to settle 40 Jewish families in Agramunt in 1316. Agramunt was a cultural center. Ezra b. Solomon b. Gatiño (see gatigno ) completed his glosses on Abraham Ibn Ezra's biblical commentary there in 1372. In the early 15th century solomon bonafed corresponded with friends in Agramunt. Shealtiel Isaac Bonafos practiced as a physician there toward the end of the 1420s. A tombstone with a Hebrew inscription, probably of the 13th century, is preserved in Agramunt. In the 1980s one of the streets traditionally known as the medieval Jewish quarter was renamed carrer del Call. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Regné, Cat, no. 550; Colección de documentos inéditos del archivo general de la Corona de Aragón, vol. 10, p. 276, Neubauer, Cat, nos. 230, 232, 1426, 1984 A, 38; Baer, Urkunden, 1 (1929), 148, 861f., 1070; Cantera-Millás, Inscripciones, 280–3, Piles Ros, in: Sefarad, 10 (1950), 179, Millás, ibid., 14 (1954), 387–8.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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